Yucatan Nightjar Antrostomus badius

  • Order: Caprimulgiformes
  • Family: Caprimulgidae
  • Monotypic
  • Authors: Thomas S. Schulenberg, Marîa del Coro Arizmendi, Claudia I. Rodríguez-Flores, Carlos A. Soberanes-González, Robert A. Behrstock, and Aimee Van Tatenhove


Geographic Variation

Antrostomus badius is monotypic.

Related Species

Described as Antrostomus badius Bangs and Peck 1908; type locality Toledo District, Belize; Antrostomus nelsoni Ridgway 1912 is a junior synonym.

Together with Antrostomus salvini (Tawny-collared Nightjar), badius was classified by some authors as a subspecies of Antrostomus sericocaudatus (Silky-tailed Nightjar) (e.g. Peters 1940). Other authors (e.g. Friedmann et al. 1950) classified badius as a subspecies of salvini, but recent authors follow Hardy and Straneck (1989) in recognizing these as separate species.

This species was classified for many years in the genus Caprimulgus, a genus that eventually encompassed a large number of species of nightjars worldwide (Salvin and Hartert 1892, Peters 1940, Dickinson 2003). Recent phylogenetic analysis of DNA sequence data, from both mitochondrial and nuclear genes, however, reveals that the broadly defined Caprimulgus of Peters (1940) and other authors is highly polyphyletic (Han et al. 2010, Sigurdsson and Cracraft 2014). Caprimulgus proper is entirely confined to the Old World, and New World species of "Caprimulgus" are split into several clades. Badius belongs to a clade that is restored to Antrostomus. Sigurdsson and Cracraft (2014) identify badius as a member of a clade that also includes Antrostomus salvini,  Antrostomus cubanensis (Greater Antillean Nightjar), Antrostomus carolinensis (Chuck-will's-widow), Antrostomus rufus (Rufous Nightjar), and Antrostomus sericocaudatus; salvini is the basal member of this clade, and badius and sericocaudatus are identified as sister species.

Recommended Citation

Schulenberg, T. S., M. d. C. Arizmendi, C. I. Rodríguez-Flores, C. A. Soberanes-González, R. A. Behrstock, and A. Van Tatenhove (2014). Yucatan Nightjar (Antrostomus badius), version 1.0. In Neotropical Birds Online (T. S. Schulenberg, Editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. https://doi.org/10.2173/nb.yucnig1.01