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Yellow-shouldered Blackbird Agelaius xanthomus

  • Order: Passeriformes
  • Family: Icteridae
  • Polytypic: 2 subspecies
  • Authors: William Post
Sections

References

Amadon, D. 1950. The Hawaiian honeycreepers (Aves, Drepanididae). Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural history 95: 151-262.

Barker, F. K., A. J. Vandergon, and S. M. Lanyon. 2008. Species status of the Red-shouldered Blackbird (Agelaius assimilis): implications for ecological, morphological, and behavioral evolution in Agelaius. Auk 125: 87-94.

Barnés, V., Jr. 1945. A new form of Agelaius from Mona Island, Puerto Rico. Auk 62: 299-300.

Barnés, V., Jr. 1946. The birds of Mona Island, Puerto Rico. Auk 63:318-327

Cruz, A., R. Lopez-Ortiz, E .A. Ventosa-Febles, J. W. Wiley, T. K. Nakamura, K. R. Ramos-Alvarez, and W. Post. 2005. Ecology and management of Shiny Cowbirds (Molothrus bonariensis) and endangered Yellow-shouldered Blackbirds (Agelaius xanthomus) in Puerto Rico. Pages 38-44 in C. P. Ortega, J. F. Chace, and B. D. Peer (editors), Management of cowbirds and their hosts: balancing science, ethics, and mandates. Ornithological Monographs number 57. American Ornithologists' Union, Washington, D.C.

Danforth, S. T. 1926. An ecological study of Cartagena Lagoon, Porto Rico, with special reference to the birds. Journal of the Department of Agriculture Porto Rico 10: 1-36.

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Hernanez-Prieto, E., and A. Cruz. 1989. The Mona Island Yellow-shouldered Blackbird project: 1987-1988 season report. Unpublished report. Department of Natural Resources of the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico.

Lanyon, S. M. 1994. Polyphyly of the blackbird genus Agelaius and the importance of assumptions of monophyly in comparative studies. Evolution 48: 679-693.

Lanyon, S. M., and K. E. Omland. 1999. A molecular phylogeny of the blackbirds (Icteridae): five lineages revealed by cytochrome-b sequence data. Auk 116: 629-639.

Lowther, P., and W. Post. 1999. Shiny Cowbird (Molothrus bonariensis). In The Birds of North America, No. 399. A. Poole and F. Gill (editors). The Birds of North America, Inc. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Ortega, C. 1998. Cowbirds and other brood parasites. University of Arizona Press. Tucson, Arizona.

Perez-Rivera, R.A. 1977. Es posible que Tyto cavatica no este extincto. Science-Ciencia 5: 40

Perez-Rivera, R.A. 1978. Notas sobre icteridos vulnerables en peligro de extinction. Science-Ciencia 5: 70-74.

Post, W. 1976. Population ecology of the Yellow-shouldered Blackbird. Final report to Department of Interior, Office of Endangered Species. Submitted by North Carolina Foundation for Mental Health Research. Contract number 14-16-0008-96.

Post, W. 1981a. Biology of the Yellow-shouldered Blackbird – Agelaius on a tropical island. Bulletin of Florida State Museum Biological Science 26: 125-202.

Post, W. 1981b. The prevalence of some ectoparasites, diseases, and abnormalities in the Yellow-shouldered Blackbird. Journal of Field Ornithology 52: 16-22.

Post, W. 1982. Why do Grey Kingbirds roost communally? Bird Behaviour 4: 46-49.

Post, W. 1993. Anting behavior of Boat-tailed Grackles. Florida Field Naturalist 21: 75-77.

Post, W., and M. M. Browne. 1982. Active anting by the Yellow-shouldered Blackbird. Wilson Bulletin 94: 89-90.

Post, W., T. K. Nakamura, and A. Cruz. 1990. Patterns of Shiny Cowbird parasitism in St. Lucia and southwestern Puerto Rico. Condor 92: 461-469.

Post, W., and K. W. Post. 1987. Roosting behavior of the Yellow-shouldered Blackbird. Florida Field naturalist 15: 93-105.

Post, W., and J. Wiley. 1976. The Yellow-shouldered Blackbird—present and future. American Birds 30: 13-20.

Post, W., and J. Wiley 1977a. The Shiny Cowbird in the West Indies. Condor 79: 119- 121.

Post, W., and J. Wiley 1977b. Reproductive interactions of the Shiny Cowbird and the Yellow-shouldered Blackbird. Condor 79: 176-184.

Post, W., and J. Wiley. 1992. The head-down display in Shiny Cowbirds and its relation to dominance behavior. Condor 94: 999-102.

Nakamura, T., and A. Cruz 2000. The ecology of egg-puncture behavior by the Shiny Cowbird in southwestern Puerto Rico. Pages 178-192 in Ecology and management of cowbirds and their hosts. J. N. M. Smith, T. L. Cook, S. I. Rothstein, S. K. Robinson, and S. G. Sealy (editors). University of Texas Press, Austin, Texas.

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U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. 1976. Determination of the Yellow-shouldered Blackbird as an endangered species and designation of critical habitat. Federal Register 41: 510119-510122.

Wetmore, A. 1916. Birds of Porto Rico. U.S. Department of Agriculture. Bulletin 326: 1-140.

Whitaker, L. M. 1957. A résumé of anting, with particular reference to a captive Orchard Oriole. Wilson Bulletin 69: 195-262.

Wiley, J.W. 1988. Host selection by the Shiny Cowbird. Condor 90: 289-303.

Wiley, J.W., W. Post, and A. Cruz. 1991. Conservation of the Yellow-shouldered Blackbird Agelaius xanthomus, an endangered West Indian species. Biological Conservation 55: 119-138.

Whittingham, L. A ., A. Kirkconnell, and L. M. Ratcliffe. 1996. Breeding behavior, social organization and morphology of Red-shouldered (Agelaius assimilis) and Tawny-shouldered (A. humeralis) blackbirds. Condor 98: 832-836.

Recommended Citation

Post, W. (2011). Yellow-shouldered Blackbird (Agelaius xanthomus), version 1.0. In Neotropical Birds Online (T. S. Schulenberg, Editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. https://doi.org/10.2173/nb.yesbla1.01