Xantus's Hummingbird Hylocharis xantusii

  • © Pete Myers

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The summary below is an overview from The Birds of North America Online.

BNA Account Authors: Howell, Christine A., and Steve N. Howell

The Xantus's Hummingbird (Hylocharis xantusii) was first collected by Hungarian naturalist John Xántus de Vesey in 1859 and described by George Lawrence (1860), who named it in honor of Xántus. It is a stocky, medium-sized hummingbird with a white postocular-stripe contrasting strongly with a broad, blackish auricular mask; cinnamon belly; mostly rufous tail; and a straight bill. Lamb (1925: 90) described this hummingbird as having a "gentle disposition."

Xantus's Hummingbird is endemic to cen-tral and southern Baja California, Mexico, but vagrants have been reported in southern California and British Columbia. Although it is an endemic species with a restricted range, it is fairly common within its range. It can be found in open montane forest, clearings, brushy hillsides, canyons, second growth, gardens, orchards, and arid montane scrub, often near fresh water.

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© Marshall Iliff

  • Year-round
  • Migration
  • Breeding
  • Non-Breeding

Recommended Citation

Xantus's Hummingbird (Hylocharis xantusii), In Neotropical Birds Online (T. S. Schulenberg, Editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. retrieved from Neotropical Birds Online: https://neotropical.birds.cornell.edu/Species-Account/nb/species/xanhum