Distribution in the Americas
This species is endemic to montane regions of Hispaniola. It occurs in the major mountain ranges in the Dominican Republic, including the Cordillera Central, Sierra de Bahoruco, and the Sierra de Neiba. In Haiti, it still occurs in Massif de la Hotte, but is likely extirpated from the Massif de la Selle and Morne Malanga, Morne Tranchant, and Crête-à-Piquant areas (Latta et al. 2006, Rimmer et al. 2010).
Nonbreeding ("winter") range
The White-winged Warbler is resident.
Extralimital ("other") records
Xenoligea occurs within an elevational range of 875 to 2000 m, and is most numerous in pine forests above 1300 m. They inhabit high-elevation humid broadleaf forests with a dense understory (Latta et al. 2006). They also occur in mixed pine-broadleaf forests and some disturbed forests so long as there is a dense understory or shrub layer (J.H. Hart and C.C. Rimmer, personal observations). Also use wet karst limestone forests in western Haiti (Woods and Ottenwalder 1986, Rimmer et al. 2005).
No baseline population data exist, but abundance of this species likely has declined with deforestation, with severe damage of some areas in Haiti probably resulting in local extirpation. Extensive high-elevation forest loss also has occurred in the Dominican Republic have also been lost, especially in the Sierra de Neiba (Latta et al. 2006).