White-winged Warbler Xenoligea montana

  • Order: Passeriformes
  • Family: Phaenicophilidae
  • Monotypic
  • Authors: Julia A. Hart and Christopher C. Rimmer


Distribution of the White-winged Warbler
eBird range map for White-winged Warbler

Generated from eBird observations (Year-Round, 1900-present)

Distribution in the Americas

Breeding range

This species is endemic to montane regions of Hispaniola. It occurs in the major mountain ranges in the Dominican Republic, including the Cordillera Central, Sierra de Bahoruco, and the Sierra de Neiba. In Haiti, it still occurs in Massif de la Hotte, but is likely extirpated from the Massif de la Selle and Morne Malanga, Morne Tranchant, and Crête-à-Piquant areas (Latta et al. 2006, Rimmer et al. 2010).

Nonbreeding ("winter") range

The White-winged Warbler is resident.


Not migratory.

Extralimital ("other") records


Distribution outside the Americas

Endemic to Hispaniola.


Xenoligea occurs within an elevational range of 875 to 2000 m, and is most numerous in pine forests above 1300 m. They inhabit high-elevation humid broadleaf forests with a dense understory (Latta et al. 2006). They also occur in mixed pine-broadleaf forests and some disturbed forests so long as there is a dense understory or shrub layer (J.H. Hart and C.C. Rimmer, personal observations). Also use wet karst limestone forests in western Haiti (Woods and Ottenwalder 1986, Rimmer et al. 2005).

Historical changes

No baseline population data exist, but abundance of this species likely has declined with deforestation, with severe damage of some areas in Haiti probably resulting in local extirpation. Extensive high-elevation forest loss also has occurred in the Dominican Republic have also been lost, especially in the Sierra de Neiba (Latta et al. 2006).

Fossil history

No information.

Recommended Citation

Hart, J. A. and C. C. Rimmer (2012). White-winged Warbler (Xenoligea montana), version 1.0. In Neotropical Birds Online (T. S. Schulenberg, Editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA.