The smallest member of the genus, the White-throated Tinamou is distinguished by its having the loudest voice, a melancholic, usually disyllabic oooo-oooo? ooo-ooo?. The white throat, which defines the species’ English name, is in fact shared by several other species of the larger tinamous, and White-throated Tinamou is probably best separated from congenerics by the clear buff spotting on the wing coverts and back. In some areas the species is one of the commonest of its family. This tinamou occurs across much of Amazonia, from southern Venezuela and southeast Colombia to southeast Peru and northern Bolivia, and while predominantly tied to lowland terra firme forests, in Peru it ascends to 1100 m. Like most tinamous, its biology is not well known but its lays 5–6 eggs, and feeds mainly on seeds with at least some small animal prey also recorded.