The White-throated Crake has occasionally been considered conspecific with the Rufous-sided Crake (Laterallus melanophaius), although most modern commentators have preferred to retain them as separate species, and indeed the present species might prove to be more closely related to Gray-breasted Crake (Laterallus exilis). The White-throated Crake occurs from southeast Honduras to Panama, thence south through western South America to western Ecuador. It overlaps geographically with only one other species of Laterallus, the Ruddy Crake (Laterallus ruber), which is easily separated from the present species by its dark-headed appearance and bright rufous underparts. The White-throated Crake is a generally fairly common but difficult-to-see resident of marshes, damp pastures, overgrown ditches and streamsides, as well as thickets and forest clearings. It has been recorded to at least 1600 m.