The White-throated Antpitta has the southernmost range in the Andes of its genus. It occurs, discontinuously, from southeastern Peru south as far as to northwestern Argentina. The species generally inhabits dense montane forest, but in Argentina it also ranges into semideciduous and alder forests. The species is almost exclusively terrestrial, and its invertebrate prey is taken from the ground. The White-throated Antpitta is an attractive species, with a chestnut-rufous head, gleaming white throat set-off from the rest of the gray underparts, and a brown mantle, wings and tail. Like all antpittas, the White-throated Antpitta is most likely to be identified first by its voice, a curiously strained, slightly squeaky-sounding, double-noted call.