Neotropical swifts generally are poorly known from an ecological point of view, and White-naped Swift is no exception. Except for nesting and general behavior, few studies have been dedicated to the species. Does the gap in distribution really constitute a gap or is it merely the result of observer absence or elusive behavior locally? Does this swift indeed occur regularly in Central America as indicated by tentative observations from Honduras? What are the seasonal movements of this swift?
Although White-naped Swift is not considered to be at risk in terms of conservation, we need more information on breeding colony locations to adequately estimate the global population size, population concentration and to protect breeding colonies and include them in areas set aside for conservation.
Genetically, little is known about neotropical swifts, and the exact affinities of White-naped Swift are unknown. What are its relationships to other species? Do the two apparently separate populations show any signs of separate evolutionary trajectories?