A Brazilian endemic, the White-naped Jay was formerly considered conspecific with the more southerly distributed Plush-crested Jay (Cyanocorax chrysops). The present species largely inhabits dry scrubby caatingas and cerrado woodland, to at least 1100 m, but it is also recorded at the borders of tropical deciduous forest and in riparian woodland. The plumage is predominantly dark, with a broad white tail tip and posterior underparts, large grayish-white nape patch, and relatively small blue postocular and malar spots. Given the species’ relative abundance, its breeding biology and natural history are generally rather poorly known, in common with many other northeast Brazilian endemics. However, it takes both fruits and winged insects, and the clutch is apparently two eggs, although there is no scientific description of the nest and eggs. White-naped Jay is generally common over much of its range, although there is apparently evidence for some declines locally.