Parker et al. (1996) list the research priority for Neothraupis fasciata as "medium" relative to other Neotropical birds. A study in Brazil suggested that fire suppression is the most cost-effective management tool to aid in increasing fecundity (Duca et al. 2009). More information is needed to identify key habitat requirements and likely threats in order to protect areas of suitable habitat (BirdLife International 2015). Compared to other tanager species, White-banded Tanager is relatively well studied. However, the isolated populations in northern South America should be evaluated in terms of their genetic diversity and distinctiveness from other populations. Individuals of at least one of these northern populations are smaller than those of southern populations (Silva et al. 1997), and microsattelite loci have been developed that can be used to address these questions (Corrêa et al. 2009). Additional studies are needed detailing their historical changes, courtship, and demography.