The conservation status for White-banded Tanager has been listed by the IUCN Red List as Near Threatened. It received this categorization due to its estimated range of 2,240,000 km2 (BirdLife International 2015). It is scarce within its range with a decreasing population trend that is likely due to habitat loss and degradation caused by agricultural development (BirdLife International 2015). Its current population in southern and western Brazil has been heavily fragmented by soybean farming, is in decline, and should be monitored (Hilty 2011). Parker et al. (1996) considered this species of "low" conservation priority relative to other Neotropical birds. White-banded Tanager inhabits 1,207 km2 of the cerrado region in Brazil, 695 km2 of which is not used for anthropogenic activities (Marini et al. 2009). The current cerrado reserve system is small and inadequately covers endemic and rare species. Expected protection from 1961-1990 was 10% with an actual protection of 4.1% in all reserves (Marini et al. 2009). New large reserves need be implemented to reduce forecasted threats to White-banded Tanager and other denizens of cerrado habitat (Marini et al. 2009).