White-banded Tanager has also been called "Shrike-like Tanager", on account of its gray and black plumage that superficially resembles that of some species of shrike (Lanius). White-banded Tanager is endemic to the cerrado biome of central South America. This tanager primarily occurs in the wooded cerrados of central Brazil and neighboring Paraguay and Bolivia, but it has also been found in some of the few enclaves of similar savanna habitat north of the Amazon, for instance in Amapá, Brazil, and southern Suriname. Primarily gray, the wings are blackish with a white line on the smaller coverts, and there is a blackish mask through the eyes, contrasting with the white throat and white postocular stripe. This tanager is the sole member of its genus. White-banded Tanager has an unusual social system, in which offspring from previous broods at least occasionally act as helpers at nests. The common name for this bird in Spanish is Tangara Bandeada (Hilty 2011, de Juana et al. 2012). The genus name Neothraupis derives from the Greek roots neos, meaning new, and thraupis, meaning tanager (Jobling 2010). The specific epithet fasciata derives from the Latin root, fasciatus, which means banded (Jobling 2010).