White-faced Quail-Dove is the most widespread of the Middle American Geotrygon, although the species is somewhat local. It is distributed from Mexico south to northwestern Nicaragua, usually at elevations of 1000-2700 m, although occasionally it occurs much lower. Its preferred habitats are humid evergreen and pine evergreen forests, but White-faced Quail-Dove also occurs in cloud forests locally in Mexico. The plumage of White-faced Quail-Dove is most similar to that of the allopatric Chiriqui Quail-Dove (Geotrygon chiriquensis) of Costa Rica and Panama, but in contrast White-faced Quail-Dove lacks a dark malar stripe, has a much paler breast, possesses dark "furrows" over the sides of the neck, and has a purplish cast to the mantle. The biology of White-faced Quail-Dove is poorly known, much like those of many of its congeners, with almost nothing known about its diet and only fragmentary data available concerning breeding.