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Volcano Junco Junco vulcani

  • Order: Passeriformes
  • Family: Passerellidae
  • Monotypic
  • Authors: Birk L. Nielsen and David L. Slager


  • Year-round
  • Migration
  • Breeding
  • Non-Breeding
Distribution of the Volcano Junco
eBird range map for Volcano Junco

Generated from eBird observations (Year-Round, 1900-present)

Distribution in the Americas

Volcano Junco is resident in the highlands of Costa Rica and western Panama. It occurs on the Irazú-Turrialba massif in the eastern portion of the Cordillera Central of Costa Rica, and from there south through the Cordillera de Talamanca, to Volcán Barú in Chiriquí, western Panama (Wetmore et al. 1984, Stiles and Skutch 1989).

Volcano Junco primarily occurs above 3000 m, but there is an isolated population at 2100 m in Sabana Dúrika in Costa Rica, and locally it occurs down to 2600 m, in the wake of deforestation (Wetmore et al. 1984, Stiles and Skutch 1989).

Distribution outside the Americas

Endemic to the Americas.


Volcano Junco occurs in humid montane scrub and paramo grassland (Parker et al. 1996); specifically, it occupies "open, grassy or brushy areas of páramo, stunted scrub produced by eruptions, second growth, overgrown pastures, and roadsides" (Stiles and Skutch 1989).

Historical changes

None reported.

Fossil history

None reported.

Recommended Citation

Nielsen, B. L. and D. L. Slager (2019). Volcano Junco (Junco vulcani), version 1.0. In Neotropical Birds Online (T. S. Schulenberg, Editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA.