Viridian Dacnis Dacnis viguieri

  • Order: Passeriformes
  • Family: Thraupidae
  • Monotypic
  • Authors: Morgan Reed, Casey H. Richart, and Kevin J. Burns


  • Year-round
  • Migration
  • Breeding
  • Non-Breeding
Distribution of the Viridian Dacnis
eBird range map for Viridian Dacnis

Generated from eBird observations (Year-Round, 1900-present)

Distribution in the Americas

Viridian Dacnis is endemic to the border region of northwestern Colombia and southeastern Panama, where it is generally rare. In Colombia, it occurs on the Caribbean slope on both sides of the Gulf of Urabá, and east to the Sinú Valley; on the Pacific slope, it is reported from the Jurado and Salaquí Valleys (Meyer de Schauensee 1951, Haffer 1975, Hilty and Brown 1986). These localities are in western Cordoba, northwestern Antioquia, and northern Chocó). In Panama, it is restricted to eastern Darién (Wetmore et al. 1984, Ridgely and Gwynne 1989). A sighting was reported from El Real, Darién on 13 Januay 1978 (Wetmore et al. 1984). It is probably most common in Jurado, Chocó on the Pacific base of Serranía de los Saltos (Fundación ProAves 2011). In Panama, they are found in Darien National Park and in Cana in the Cerro Pirre foothills (Fundación ProAves 2011). This species is generally in the lowlands to 600 m elevation, up to 700 m, and is perhaps more common in foothills than lowlands (Isler and Isler 1987, Ridgely and Tudor 1989, Restall et al. 2007).

Distribution outside the Americas

Viridian Dacnis is endemic to northwestern Colombia and adjacent eastern Panama.


The primary habitat for Viridian Dacnis is moist forest (1700-2500 mm annual precipitation) and forest edges (Meyer de Schauensee 1964, Haffer 1975, Isler and Isler 1987, Parker et al. 1996). It is perhaps more numerous in hilly country than in the flat coastal lowlands, and may be locally common (Hilty and Brown 1986, Ridgely and Tudor 1989). This species occupies tropical lowlands where it typically forages in the foresy canopy. Viridan Dacnis reportedly also occurs in dry forest and in scrub (Meyer de Schauensee 1964) , but this behavior is not yet well understood; these observations may be based on dispersers, or perhaps on seasonal movements (Hilty 2011).

Historical changes

The overall range of Viridian Dacnis has not changed historically, but with its distribution, more than 55% of its habitat has been lost to land conversion, with the majority of change occurring in northwestern Colombia (Renjifo et al. 2002).

Fossil history

None reported.

Recommended Citation

Reed, M., C. H. Richart, and K. J. Burns (2017). Viridian Dacnis (Dacnis viguieri), version 1.0. In Neotropical Birds Online (T. S. Schulenberg, Editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA.