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Vervain Hummingbird Mellisuga minima

  • Order: Caprimulgiformes
  • Family: Trochilidae
  • Polytypic: 2 subspecies
  • Authors: Clark, Christopher J.
Sections

References

BirdLife International (2008) Species factsheet: Mellisuga minima. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 13/1/2009

Anonymous. 1998, Check-List of North American Birds. Washington D.C., American Ornithologists' Union.

Bleiweiss, R. 1998. Origin of hummingbird faunas. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 65:77-97.

Bond, J. 1928. The distribution and habits of birds of the Republic of Haiti. Proceedings of the Academy of Sciences of Philadelphia 80:483-521.

—. 1936. Birds of the West Indies. Baltimore, Maryland., Waverly Press Inc.

—. 1950. Check-list of Birds of the West Indies. Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia.

Bostwick, K. S., and R. O. Prum. 2003. High-speed video analysis of wing-snapping in two manakin clades (Pipridae: Aves). The Journal of Experimental Biology 206: 3693-3706.

Brisson, M. J. 1760. Ornithologie, v. iii.

Christy, C. 1897. Field-notes on the birds of island of San Domingo. Ibis 39:317-343.

Clark, C. J. 2006. Observations on the Vervain Hummingbird's (Mellisuga minima) display dive and territorial behavior. Ornitologia Neotropical 17: 403-408.

—. 2008. Fluttering wing feathers produce the flight sounds of male streamertail hummingbirds. Biology Letters 4: 341-344.

Clark, C. J., and T. J. Feo. 2008. The Anna's Hummingbird chirps with its tail: a new mechanism of sonation in birds. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B 275: 955-962.

Diamond, A. W. 1974. Annual cycles in Jamaican forest birds. Journal of Zoology, London 173: 277-301.

Downer, A., and R. Sutton. 1990. Birds of Jamaica: a photographic field guide. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.

Gosse, P. H. 1847. The Birds of Jamaica. London, John Van Voorst.

Gould, J. 1861. A Monograph of the Trochilidae, or Family of Humming-Birds. London, John Gould.

Griswold, O. 1960. Second smallest bird in the world: Vervain hummingbird. Animal Kingdom 63: 151-153.

Haley, M. 2006. Lenth and asymmetry in naturally and sexually selected bilateral traits in Mellisuga hummingbirds. Caribbean Journal of Science 42: 144-146.

Kaempfer, E. 1924. Ueber das vogelieben in Santo Domingo. Journal für Ornithologie 72: 178-184.

Kay, E. 1999. Birds and Passiflora. Gosse Bird Club Broadsheet 72: 1-4.

Keith, A. R., J. W. Wiley, S. C. Latta, and J. Ottenwalder. 2003. The birds of Hispaniola Tring, British Ornithologists' Union.

Lack, D. 1976. Island biology illustrated with the land birds of Jamaica. Berkeley, CA, University of CaliforniaPress.

Latta, S. C., C. Rimmer, and K. McFarland. 2003. Winter bird communities in four habitats along an elevational gradient on Hispaniola. Condor 105: 179-197.

Levy, C. 1987. The spider and the hummingbird. Gosse Bird Club Broadsheet 48: 4-5.

Linnaeus, C. 1758. Systema naturae.v. 10.

March, W. T. 1863. Notes on the birds of Jamaica. Proceedings of the Academy of Sciences of Philadelphia:283-285.

McGuire, J., C. C. Witt, D. L. Altshuler, and J. V. J. Remsen. 2007. Phylogenetic systematics and biogeography of hummingbirds: Bayesian and maximum likelihood analyses of partitioned data and selection of an appropriate partitioning strategy. Systematic Biology 56: 837-856.

Miller, M. 1969. The humming-bird's nest. Gosse Bird Club Broadsheet 13: 4-5.

Paterson, S. E. 1973. Observations of a Vervain Hummingbird's Nest. Gosse Bird Club Broadsheet21:9-10.

Pearson, B. 1971. Diary of the breeding of Vervain Hummingbirds. Gosse Bird Club Broadsheet 17: 13-14.

Peters, J. L. 1945. Check-list of Birds of the World, v. 5. Cambridge, MA, Harvard University Press.

Pomeroy, K. 1970. Some observations on the Vervain and her young. Gosse Bird Club Broadsheet 14: 18.

Ridgway, R. 1892. The humming birds, Pages 253-383 Report of the National Museum for 1890. Washington DC, National Museum.

—. 1911. The birds of North and Middle America, v. 5. Washington DC, Government Printing Office.

Shaw, G. 1812. General Zoology, v. 8. London.

Smith, R. W. 1967. Flight display of the vervain hummingbird. Gosse Bird Club Broadsheet 8: 12-13.

Stiles, F. G. 1982. Aggressive and courtship displays of the male Anna's Hummingbird. Condor 84: 208-225.

Tyrrell, E. Q., and R. A. Tyrrell. 1990. Hummingbirds of the Caribbean. New York, NY, Crown Publishers, Inc.

Verrill, A. E., and A. H. Verrill. 1909. Notes on the birds of San Domingo, with a list of the species, including a new Hawk. Proceedings of the Academy of Sciences of Philadelphia: 352-361.

Wetmore, A., and B. Swales. 1931. The Birds of Haiti and the Dominican Republic. Washington DC, Smithsonian Institution.

BirdLife International (2008) Species factsheet: Mellisuga minima. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 13/1/2009

Anonymous. 1998. Check-List of North American Birds. Washington D.C., American Ornithologists' Union.

Bleiweiss, R. 1998. Origin of hummingbird faunas. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 65:77-97.

Bond, J. 1928. The distribution and habits of birds of the Republic of Haiti. Proceedings of the Academy of Sciences of Philadelphia 80:483-521.

—. 1936. Birds of the West Indies. Baltimore, Maryland., Waverly Press Inc.

—. 1950. Check-list of Birds of the West Indies. Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia.

Bostwick, K. S., and R. O. Prum. 2003. High-speed video analysis of wing-snapping in two manakin clades (Pipridae: Aves). The Journal of Experimental Biology 206: 3693-3706.

Brisson, M. J. 1760. Ornithologie, v. iii.

Christy, C. 1897. Field-notes on the birds of island of San Domingo. Ibis 39:317-343.

Clark, C. J. 2006. Observations on the Vervain Hummingbird's (Mellisuga minima) display dive and territorial behavior. Ornitologia Neotropical 17: 403-408.

—. 2008. Fluttering wing feathers produce the flight sounds of male streamertail hummingbirds. Biology Letters 4: 341-344.

Clark, C. J., and T. J. Feo. 2008. The Anna's Hummingbird chirps with its tail: a new mechanism of sonation in birds. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B 275: 955-962.

Diamond, A. W. 1974. Annual cycles in Jamaican forest birds. Journal of Zoology, London 173: 277-301.

Downer, A., and R. Sutton. 1990. Birds of Jamaica: a photographic field guide. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.

Gosse, P. H. 1847. The Birds of Jamaica. London, John Van Voorst.

Gould, J. 1861. A Monograph of the Trochilidae, or family of humming-birds. London, John Gould.

Griswold, O. 1960. Second smallest bird in the world: Vervain hummingbird. Animal Kingdom 63: 151-153.

Haley, M. 2006. Lenth and asymmetry in naturally and sexually selected bilateral traits in Mellisuga hummingbirds. Caribbean Journal of Science 42: 144-146.

Kaempfer, E. 1924. Ueber das vogelieben in Santo Domingo. Journal für Ornithologie 72: 178-184.

Kay, E. 1999. Birds and Passiflora. Gosse Bird Club Broadsheet 72: 1-4.

Keith, A. R., J. W. Wiley, S. C. Latta, and J. Ottenwalder. 2003. The birds of Hispaniola Tring, British Ornithologists' Union.

Lack, D. 1976. Island biology illustrated with the land birds of Jamaica. Berkeley, CA, University of CaliforniaPress.

Latta, S. C., C. Rimmer, and K. McFarland. 2003. Winter bird communities in four habitats along an elevational gradient on Hispaniola. Condor 105: 179-197.

Levy, C. 1987. The spider and the hummingbird. Gosse Bird Club Broadsheet 48: 4-5.

Linnaeus, C. 1758. Systema naturae.v. 10.

March, W. T. 1863. Notes on the birds of Jamaica. Proceedings of the Academy of Sciences of Philadelphia: 283-285.

McGuire, J., C. C. Witt, D. L. Altshuler, and J. V. J. Remsen. 2007. Phylogenetic systematics and biogeography of hummingbirds: Bayesian and maximum likelihood analyses of partitioned data and selection of an appropriate partitioning strategy. Systematic Biology 56: 837-856.

Miller, M. 1969. The humming-bird's nest. Gosse Bird Club Broadsheet 13: 4-5.

Paterson, S. E. 1973. Observations of a Vervain Hummingbird's nest. Gosse Bird Club Broadsheet21:9-10.

Pearson, B. 1971. Diary of the breeding of Vervain Hummingbirds. Gosse Bird Club Broadsheet 17: 13-14.

Peters, J. L. 1945. Check-list of Birds of the World, v. 5. Cambridge, MA, Harvard University Press.

Pomeroy, K. 1970. Some observations on the Vervain and her young. Gosse Bird Club Broadsheet 14: 18.

Ridgway, R. 1892. The humming birds, Pages 253-383 Report of the National Museum for 1890. Washington DC, National Museum.

—. 1911. The birds of North and Middle America, v. 5. Washington DC, Government Printing Office.

Shaw, G. 1812. General Zoology, v. 8. London.

Smith, R. W. 1967. Flight display of the vervain hummingbird. Gosse Bird Club Broadsheet 8: 12-13.

Stiles, F. G. 1982. Aggressive and courtship displays of the male Anna's Hummingbird. Condor 84: 208-225.

Tyrrell, E. Q., and R. A. Tyrrell. 1990. Hummingbirds of the Caribbean. New York, NY, Crown Publishers, Inc.

Verrill, A. E., and A. H. Verrill. 1909. Notes on the birds of San Domingo, with a list of the species, including a new hawk. Proceedings of the Academy of Sciences of Philadelphia: 352-361.

Wetmore, A., and B. Swales. 1931. The Birds of Haiti and the Dominican Republic. Washington DC, Smithsonian Institution.

BirdLife International (2008) Species factsheet: Mellisuga minima. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 13/1/2009

Anonymous. 1998. Check-List of North American Birds. Washington D.C., American Ornithologists' Union.

Bleiweiss, R. 1998. Origin of hummingbird faunas. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 65:77-97.

Bond, J. 1928. The distribution and habits of birds of the Republic of Haiti. Proceedings of the Academy of Sciences of Philadelphia 80:483-521.

—. 1936. Birds of the West Indies. Baltimore, Maryland., Waverly Press Inc.

—. 1950. Check-list of Birds of the West Indies. Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia.

Bostwick, K. S., and R. O. Prum. 2003. High-speed video analysis of wing-snapping in two manakin clades (Pipridae: Aves). The Journal of Experimental Biology 206: 3693-3706.

Brisson, M. J. 1760. Ornithologie, v. iii.

Christy, C. 1897. Field-notes on the birds of island of San Domingo. Ibis 39:317-343.

Clark, C. J. 2006. Observations on the Vervain Hummingbird's (Mellisuga minima) display dive and territorial behavior. Ornitologia Neotropical 17: 403-408.

—. 2008. Fluttering wing feathers produce the flight sounds of male streamertail hummingbirds. Biology Letters 4: 341-344.

Clark, C. J., and T. J. Feo. 2008. The Anna's Hummingbird chirps with its tail: a new mechanism of sonation in birds. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B 275: 955-962.

Diamond, A. W. 1974. Annual cycles in Jamaican forest birds. Journal of Zoology, London 173: 277-301.

Downer, A., and R. Sutton. 1990. Birds of Jamaica: a photographic field guide. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.

Gosse, P. H. 1847. The Birds of Jamaica. London, John Van Voorst.

Gould, J. 1861. A Monograph of the Trochilidae, or family of humming-birds. London, John Gould.

Griswold, O. 1960. Second smallest bird in the world: Vervain hummingbird. Animal Kingdom 63: 151-153.

Haley, M. 2006. Lenth and asymmetry in naturally and sexually selected bilateral traits in Mellisuga hummingbirds. Caribbean Journal of Science 42: 144-146.

Kaempfer, E. 1924. Ueber das vogelieben in Santo Domingo. Journal für Ornithologie 72: 178-184.

Kay, E. 1999. Birds and Passiflora. Gosse Bird Club Broadsheet 72: 1-4.

Keith, A. R., J. W. Wiley, S. C. Latta, and J. Ottenwalder. 2003. The birds of Hispaniola Tring, British Ornithologists' Union.

Lack, D. 1976. Island biology illustrated with the land birds of Jamaica. Berkeley, CA, University of CaliforniaPress.

Latta, S. C., C. Rimmer, and K. McFarland. 2003. Winter bird communities in four habitats along an elevational gradient on Hispaniola. Condor 105: 179-197.

Levy, C. 1987. The spider and the hummingbird. Gosse Bird Club Broadsheet 48: 4-5.

Linnaeus, C. 1758. Systema naturae.v. 10.

March, W. T. 1863. Notes on the birds of Jamaica. Proceedings of the Academy of Sciences of Philadelphia: 283-285.

McGuire, J., C. C. Witt, D. L. Altshuler, and J. V. J. Remsen. 2007. Phylogenetic systematics and biogeography of hummingbirds: Bayesian and maximum likelihood analyses of partitioned data and selection of an appropriate partitioning strategy. Systematic Biology 56: 837-856.

Miller, M. 1969. The humming-bird's nest. Gosse Bird Club Broadsheet 13: 4-5.

Paterson, S. E. 1973. Observations of a Vervain Hummingbird's nest. Gosse Bird Club Broadsheet21:9-10.

Pearson, B. 1971. Diary of the breeding of Vervain Hummingbirds. Gosse Bird Club Broadsheet 17: 13-14.

Peters, J. L. 1945. Check-list of Birds of the World, v. 5. Cambridge, MA, Harvard University Press.

Pomeroy, K. 1970. Some observations on the Vervain and her young. Gosse Bird Club Broadsheet 14: 18.

Ridgway, R. 1892. The humming birds, Pages 253-383 Report of the National Museum for 1890. Washington DC, National Museum.

—. 1911. The birds of North and Middle America, v. 5. Washington DC, Government Printing Office.

Shaw, G. 1812. General Zoology, v. 8. London.

Smith, R. W. 1967. Flight display of the vervain hummingbird. Gosse Bird Club Broadsheet 8: 12-13.

Stiles, F. G. 1982. Aggressive and courtship displays of the male Anna's Hummingbird. Condor 84: 208-225.

Tyrrell, E. Q., and R. A. Tyrrell. 1990. Hummingbirds of the Caribbean. New York, NY, Crown Publishers, Inc.

Verrill, A. E., and A. H. Verrill. 1909. Notes on the birds of San Domingo, with a list of the species, including a new hawk. Proceedings of the Academy of Sciences of Philadelphia: 352-361.

Wetmore, A., and B. Swales. 1931. The Birds of Haiti and the Dominican Republic. Washington DC, Smithsonian Institution.

Recommended Citation

Clark, Christopher J. 2009. Vervain Hummingbird (Mellisuga minima), version 1.0. In Neotropical Birds Online (T. S. Schulenberg, editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, New York, USA. https://doi.org/10.2173/nb.verhum1.01