The Vermilion Flycatcher is a vibrantly colored inhabitant of open woodland and pastureland from the American Southwest to south to central Argentina. Male Vermilion Flycatchers have a bushy brilliant red crown and underparts, and a slate black mask, upperparts and tail. Females differ greatly in plumage from males, with a grayish-brown crown and upperparts, dark lores, a whitish supercilium, and white breast and underparts with fine gray streaks. In central Peru, especially within the city of Lima, there is an unusual local dusky color morph, that occurs in both sexes; this dusky morph exists alongside Vermilion Flycatchers with the standard plumage. Vermilion Flycatchers often perch with erect posture in the lower branches of a tree or shrub. They frequently wag their tail, and sally out to catch insects in the air or on the ground. Vermilion Flycatchers have a variety of different migratory patterns depending on their breeding range. Populations from the southern United States and northern Mexico migrate south to Central America, while populations from Argentina and Paraguay migrate as far north as Colombia during the austral winter.