Although its numbers are much reduced in at least parts of its range, Variegated Tinamou is still of widespread distribution, from southeast Brazil and in Amazonia, north to the Guianas and southern Venezuela, and east to Peru. It is found in a variety of forest types and occurs to at least 1300 m. Variegated Tinamou is a mid-sized member of its genus, and has heavily barred black and rusty upperparts, and a bright cinnamon-colored neck and breast. The species’ breeding behaviour has been comparatively well studied, although most of our knowledge is based on a study published as long ago as the 1920s. Males apparently outnumber females considerably, and as a result the female is serially polyandrous, mating with up to four males, laying one egg per partner, which is then incubated by the male alone. As is typical of tinamous, the nest is a shallow, unlined depression on the ground. The single young leaves the nest on hatching and is tended by the male throughout.