Turquoise Tanager Tangara mexicana

  • Order: Passeriformes
  • Family: Thraupidae
  • Polytypic: 5 subspecies
  • Authors: Jennifer Hart and Kevin J. Burns



Locomotion: The males are usually more active and bold in comparison to females.
Foraging: This species forages on fruit and small insects, buds and berries (Tucker 2002). This species travels in groups through the canopy, individuals closely following one another and constantly calling in flight (Ingels 1974). Gleans primarily on the undersides of fine twigs less than 1.3 cm in diameter and picking fruit while perched from lower levels of the canopy (Snow and Snow 1971, Isler and Isler 1999). Rarely if ever forages singly (ffrench 1991).


No information.

Sexual Behavior

Ingels (1974) observed mated pairs, in a captive population, feeding each other, a behavior common in Tangara species. The mated pair also slept short distances from one another on a high perch. Mated pairs break off from their close knit groups to reproduce and return to the flock after the eggs hatch but return to feed the young (Ingels 1974). Call notes have been recorded during copulation creating a duetting like sound between the male lower frequency and the female higher frequency.

Social and interspecific behavior

Unlike other members of the genus Tangara, this species rarely joins mixed species flocks (Munn 1985, Hilty and Brown 1986, Hilty 2003, Restall et al. 2007). However, it is highly social with its own species living in small groups of about 3-6 birds, sometimes up to 10 birds, whose ties persist throughout the breeding season.


No information.

Recommended Citation

Hart, J. and K. J. Burns (2011). Turquoise Tanager (Tangara mexicana), version 1.0. In Neotropical Birds Online (T. S. Schulenberg, Editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. https://doi.org/10.2173/nb.turtan1.01