The IUCN Red List status for Tuxtla Quail-Dove is Endangered (BirdLife International 2015) due to its small population (250-999 mature individuals) and small range (130 km2) and the threats it faces. It is considered Endangered under Mexican law (NOM-059 SEMARNAT 2010). This is also a species of high tri-national concern (Mexico-U.S.-Canada) to Partners in Flight (Berlanga et al. 2010), as a species at greatest risk of extinction. Based on determinations of habitat loss, Berlanga et al. (2010) estimated that at least 50% of its population has been lost in Mexico during the last century. This Mexican endemic occurs in two protected areas: Santa Marta Biosphere Reserve and Los Tuxtlas Biological Station (BirdLife International 2015).