It's a species of Least Concern globally, and it is believed that their populations are stable. In Mexico, the Islas Marias populations (P. pitiayumi insularis) are in danger of extinction, and Socorro Island populations (P. pitiayumi graysoni) are under special protection. Potential risk factors for this species include loss and degradation of habitat, pesticide use and nest parasitism (by Molothrus ater). In addition, the epiphytes used as a nesting substrate are sensitive to air pollution, which may adversely affect the reproductive success of the species. Studies are needed about its ecology, reproductive biology and food, to promote conservation.