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Tropical Parula Setophaga pitiayumi




While hovering and moving among the leaves, catch insects in the branches and the undersides of leaves. They are associated with other bird species to look for food (mixed flocks).

The flight is strong and slightly undulating.

Social and interspecific behavior

Fairly active. Usually singly at mid- to upper levels of forest. On Socorro it can be found commonly in groups of up to 20 birds. Often with raised tail and feathers extended.

Recommended Citation

Tropical Parula (Setophaga pitiayumi), In Neotropical Birds Online (T. S. Schulenberg, Editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. retrieved from Neotropical Birds Online: