Toco Toucan Ramphastos toco

  • Order: Piciformes
  • Family: Ramphastidae
  • Polytypic: 2 subspecies
  • Authors: Carolyn W. Sedgwick


BirdLife International. 2009. Species factsheet: Toco Toucan Ramphastos toco. Downloaded from BirdLife International on 1 May 2010.

Haffer, J. 1974. Avian speciation in tropical South America with a systematic survey of the toucans (Ramphastidae) and jacamars (Galbulidae). Publications of the Nuttall Ornithological Club number 14. Cambridge, Massachusetts.

Patané, J. S. L., J. D. Weckstein, A. Aleixo, and J. M. Bates. 2009. Evolutionary history of Ramphastos toucans: molecular phylogenetics, temporal diversification, and biogeography. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 53: 923-934.

Price, R. D., and J. D. Weckstein. 2005. The genus Austrophilopterus Ewing (Phthiraptera: Philopteridae) from toucans, toucanets, and aracaris (Piciformes: Ramphastidae). Zootaxa 918: 1-18.

Price, R. D., R. A. Hellenthal, and J. D. Weckstein. 2004. The genus Myrsidea Waterston (Phthiraptera: Menoponidae) from the toucans (Piciformes: Ramphastidae), with descriptions of three new species. Zootaxa 613: 1-18.

Short, L. L., and J. F. M. Horne. 2001. Toucans, barbets, and honeyguides; Ramphastidae, Capitonidae, and Indicatoridae. Oxford University Press, Oxford, United Kingdom.

Short, L. L., and J. F. M. Horne. 2002. Family Ramphastidae (Toucans). Pages 220-272 in J. del Hoyo, A. Elliot, and J. Sargatal (editors), Handbook of the birds of the world. Volume 7. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona, Spain.

Sick, H. 1993. Birds in Brazil: a natural history. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey.

Tattersall, G. J., D. V. Andrade, and A. S. Abe. 2009. Heat exchange from the toucan bill reveals a controllable vascular thermal radiator. Science 325: 468-470.

Weckstein, J. D. 2004. Biogeography explains cophylogenetic patterns in toucan chewing lice. Systematic Biology 53: 154-164.

Weckstein, J. D. 2005. Molecular phylogenetics of the Ramphastos toucans: implications for the evolution of morphology, vocalizations, and coloration. Auk 122: 1191-1209.

Recommended Citation

Sedgwick, C. W. (2010). Toco Toucan (Ramphastos toco), version 1.0. In Neotropical Birds Online (T. S. Schulenberg, Editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA.