A reasonably distinctive tyrant flycatcher of the Caribbean slope in Central America, where the Tawny-chested Flycatcher occurs over a limited range from eastern Nicaragua (where it is known solely from historical records) south to northern Costa Rica. It is found in dense vegetation near edges, natural or man-made, in humid and tall secondary forest in the lowlands and foothills. The Tawny-chested Flycatcher is similar to an Empidonax in shape and structure, but is rather more brightly and contrastingly colored. The head is dark grayish with a pale supraloral and broken eye-ring, an olive-green back, dusky wings with two ochraceous-colored wing bars, a white throat, a bright cinnamon breast band, whilst the rest of the underparts are pale yellow. The species is currently considered Vulnerable by BirdLife International on account of its small, heavily modified range.