Striped Sparrow is sedentary and endemic to the highlands of northwestern and central Mexico, where it occurs in the Sierra Madre Occidental and on the Central Plateau from eastern Sonora and Chihuahua south to central Oaxaca (Miller et al. 1957, Byers et al. 1995, Howell and Webb 1995). Striped Sparrows typically occur from elevations of 1500-3500 m above sea level (Howell and Webb 1995, Rising 2011), but may occur as low as 1300 m (Gómez de Silva 2002). Parker et al. (1996) give the elevational range as 2100-3300 meters. See Geographic Variation for details on subspecies distributions. According to Parker et al. (1996) the center of elevational abundance is in the upper montane zone. This species occurs in the Madrean Highlands zoographic region (Parker et al. 1996).
One individual was present in central Texas, where it was observed from 11 January-7 April 2015. Although there is no doubt about the identification of this bird, the Texas Ornithological Society Bird Records Committee did not accept this record, "due to questionable origin".