The Striped Owl is a poorly-known resident of the Neotropics. Although it is a relatively large and distinctive owl, the Striped Owl is easily overlooked, and even its geographic distribution is poorly known. This is all the more surprising, since the Striped Owl is a bird of relatively open habitats, such as natural savannas, pastures, and agricultural fields as well as light woodland and even city parks. The Striped Owl is mostly nocturnal, and in some portions of its range it also may be local and uncommon; perhaps due in part to these factors, it is not often seen. It is suspected that the range of the Striped Owl may be expanding, however, as more of the neotropics are more areas are deforested and open habitats cover increasingly large areas.