Streak-headed Woodcreeper is an arboreal furnariid found in Central America and northern South America, from southern Mexico south to northwestern Peru and northernmost Brazil. The species occupies a variety of forest and scrub types below 1000 meters in elevation. As is typical of woodcreepers of the genus Lepidocolaptes, it has a long, pale, slender, and slightly decurved bill. The upperparts are rufous brown, with buffy streaking on the crown and nape, a white supercilium, and whitish streaking on the face. The throat is white, and the underparts are buffy brown, heavily streaked with whitish buff. Streak-headed Woodcreeper is often found in more open areas than other congeners.