Found only in Panama, Stripe-cheeked Woodpecker has a small distribution. It inhabits the edges and interior of humid forests in the foothills, and is thought to be resident year-round. Little is known about the basic ecology of Stripe-cheeked Woodpecker, but it does forage in understory or middle strata trees either by itself, or in pairs. These woodpeckers peck at tree trunks for ants and presumably other insects. Although similar in appearance to Rufous-winged Woodpecker (Piculus simplex), Stripe-cheeked Woodpecker has a dark eye, a narrow yellow cheek stripe, and heavier barring on its underparts.