Streak-chested Antpitta (Hylopezus perspicillatus) is a terrestrial insectivorous bird species found in lowland tropical forests from eastern Honduras south to northwestern Ecuador. The Spanish common name is Tororoi ("antpitta") pechilistado (literally "streak-chested"). The generic name is derived from the Greek hylo ("wood" or "matter") and the Latin pez ("foot" or "bottom"). The specific epithet is derived from the Latin perspicillatus ("sharp-sighted'). These words accurately characterize Streak-chested Antpittas, which spend their time almost exclusively on the forest floor either intently foraging for terrestrial invertebrates or resting (during which they repeatedly puff their breast feathers in a distinctive manner).
The general plumage of Streak-chested Antpitta is typical of the genus Hylopezus, with brown upperparts, a striking "spectacled" appearance (the previous common name for the species was "Spectacled Antpitta"), obvious pale lores, and streaked underparts. Streak-chested Antpittas are socially monogamous and maintain stable, year-round territories. Streak-chested Antpittas build platform nests, typically on low palms in the forest understory, with a modal clutch size of two (Robinson et al. 2000).
Streak-chested Antpittas are sensitive to disturbance and often experience declines or extirpation in response to forest fragmentation (Sigel et al. 2010), though the mechanism of their sensitivity remains unknown.