Vocally the Stripe-breasted Spinetail is much like other Synallaxis spinetails, but its plumage is quite different compared to many other species. The upperparts and tail are rich to dull brown, sometimes with slightly warmer or more rufous-colored wings, whilst the throat is whitish streaked black. The ground color of the underparts is largely concolorous with the upperparts, but variably marked (according to subspecies) either with whitish shaft streaks, or heavier and more extensive dark streaking. Amongst the seven widely recognized subspecies there is also considerable variation in the throat pattern and the overall color above and below. The Stripe-breasted Spinetail’s main range occupies wooded habitats north of the Orinoco River in Venezuela, but also reaches the East Andes of northeast Colombia, and Trinidad and Tobago. It is found at elevations below approximately 2000 m.