A Middle American endemic, the Spotted Wood-Quail occurs, somewhat discontinuously, from southeastern Mexico to southwest Panama. Although no subspecies are recognized, there are two color phases, brown and rufous, which are differentiated by the saturation of the underparts and the crest. The Spotted Wood-Quail overlaps geographically and altitudinally only with the Black-eared Wood-Quail (Odontophorus melanotis), which is unspotted, and, to a much lesser extent, with the Black-breasted Wood-Quail (Odontophorus leucolaemus), which is darker overall and has a whiter throat. This species forms coveys of up to 20 individuals, although groups of between four and ten individuals are more usual. Their behavior is typical of all wood-quail. Forest destruction has undoubtedly reduced this species’ populations in many areas, although in Costa Rica and Panama it is apparently still reasonably numerous, at least locally.