Spotted Tanager Ixothraupis punctata

  • Order: Passeriformes
  • Family: Thraupidae
  • Polytypic: 5 subspecies
  • Authors: Aileen Pansacula and Kevin J. Burns
Sections

Distribution

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  • Year-round
  • Migration
  • Breeding
  • Non-Breeding
Distribution of the Spotted Tanager
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eBird range map for Spotted Tanager

Generated from eBird observations (Year-Round, 1900-present)

Distribution in the Americas

The distribution of the Spotted Tanager is unusual in that it consists of two allopatric portions, one in Amazonia and one in the Andes. In Amazonia, Spotted Tanagers are found in southern Venezuela, the Guianas, and in Brazil north and south of the Amazon River. The elevational range of this population is from the lowlands up to  1600 m, although most frequent below 1100 m (Hilty 2003).

In the Andes, Spotted Tanager is a montane species. It is distributed along the east slope of the Andes from northern Ecuador south ot northern Bolivia, generally between 700-1700 m (Isler and Isler 1987, Parker et al. 1996, Ridgely and Tudor 2009).Distribution in Peru of Tangara punctata. Solid circles: specimen records; open circles: sight records; dotted line: 1000 m contour (Schulenberg et al. 2006) In Ecuador, for example, the center of the elevational distribution is 900-1500 m (Ridgely and Greenfield 2001), and in Peru it occurs from 600-2000 m (Schulenberg et al. 2007).

Distribution outside the Americas

Endemic to South America.

Habitat

In the Amazon, Spotted Tanager occurs in tropical lowland evergreen forest (Parker et al. 1996). In particular, Isler and Isler (1987) indicate they can be found in terra firme forests in eastern Amazonia and savanna forest in Suriname. In the Andes, occurs in montane evergreen forest (Parker et al. 1996), especially in mossy forests (Isler and Isler 1987). Spotted Tanagers also are found at forest edge, nearby second growth, shaded plantations, and tree-studded clearings (Isler and Isler 1987).

Historical changes

None reported.

Fossil history

None reported.

Recommended Citation

Pansacula, A. and K. J. Burns (2012). Spotted Tanager (Ixothraupis punctata), version 1.0. In Neotropical Birds Online (T. S. Schulenberg, Editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. https://doi.org/10.2173/nb.spotan1.01