The distribution of the Spotted Tanager is unusual in that it consists of two allopatric portions, one in Amazonia and one in the Andes. In Amazonia, Spotted Tanagers are found in southern Venezuela, the Guianas, and in Brazil north and south of the Amazon River. The elevational range of this population is from the lowlands up to 1600 m, although most frequent below 1100 m (Hilty 2003).
In the Andes, Spotted Tanager is a montane species. It is distributed along the east slope of the Andes from northern Ecuador south ot northern Bolivia, generally between 700-1700 m (Isler and Isler 1987, Parker et al. 1996, Ridgely and Tudor 2009). In Ecuador, for example, the center of the elevational distribution is 900-1500 m (Ridgely and Greenfield 2001), and in Peru it occurs from 600-2000 m (Schulenberg et al. 2007).