The Spotted Puffbird is perhaps the fanciest member of the genus Bucco within the puffbird family. Most striking, and unique in the puffbirds, is the combination of a chestnut cap, black neck mark, and the white underparts heavily spotted black. It is found throughout much of western Amazonia from eastern Colombia and southwestern Venezuela south to southeastern Peru. Also found in the Orinocan drainage in eastern Venezuela and the Guianas. Although it is fairly widespread, it is not common anywhere. Typically frequents the mid-story and canopy of varzea forest, and along the edge of slow moving streams. Most commonly detected at dawn and dusk by voice, an up-slurred whistle, quickly repeated over and over.