Spotted Piculet Picumnus pygmaeus

  • © Stephen John Jones

The Spotted Piculet is endemic to northeast Brazil, where it occurs from central Maranhão south to northern Minas Gerais, and inhabits drier woodland, including more open caatingas. It is a rather distinctive piculet, particularly on account of the warm brown underparts and face, heavily spotted with white, which characterise both sexes; typical of the genus, males have a red forecrown, whereas the crown in females is all dark. Very little has been published concerning the biology and behavior of this species, although the Spotted Piculet, like other Picumnus, is usually found in pairs that maintain vocal, if not always visual, contact, and forage both apart from and within mixed-species flocks, usually in the lower strata of the vegetation.

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© Bret Whitney

  • Year-round
  • Migration
  • Breeding
  • Non-Breeding

Recommended Citation

Spotted Piculet (Picumnus pygmaeus), In Neotropical Birds Online (T. S. Schulenberg, Editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. retrieved from Neotropical Birds Online: