Speckled Tanager Ixothraupis guttata

  • Order: Passeriformes
  • Family: Thraupidae
  • Polytypic: 6 subspecies
  • Authors: Nicholas A. Mason and Kevin J. Burns


BirdLife International. 2009. Species factsheet: Tangara guttata. Downloaded from
BirdLife International on 11 April 2010.

Braun, M. J., M. B. Robbins, C. M. Milensky, B. J. O’Shea, B. R. Barber, W. Hinds, and W. S. Prince. 2003. New birds for Guyana from Mts Roraima and Ayanganna. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists' Club 123: 24-33.

Burns, K., J. S. J. Hackett,
and N. K. Klein. 2002. Phylogenetic relationships and
morphological diversity in Darwin's finches and their relatives. Evolution 56: 1240-1252.

Burns, K. J.,
and K. Naoki. 2004. Molecular phylogenetics and biogeography of Neotropical tanagers in the genus Tangara. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 32: 838-854.

ffrench, R. 1991. A guide to the birds of Trinidad and Tobago. Second edition. Comstock Publishing Associates, Cornell University Press, Ithaca, New York.

Hilty, S. L. 2003. Birds of Venezuela. Second edition. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey.

Hilty, S. L.,
and W. L. Brown. 1986. A guide to the birds of Colombia. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey.

Isler M. L.,
and P. R. Isler. 1999. The tanagers. Second edition. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, DC.

Krueger, T. R., D. A. Williams,
and W. A. Searcy. 2008. The genetic mating system of a
tropical tanager. Condor 110: 559-562.

Naoki, K. 2003. Evolution of ecological diversity in the neotropical tanagers of the genus Tangara (Aves: Thraupidae).
Unpublished dissertation. Louisiana State
University, Baton Rouge, Louisiana.

Ottema, O. H., J. H. J. M. Ridot, and A. L. Spaans. 2009. Annotated checklist of the birds of Suriname. WWF Guianas-World Wildlife Fund, Paramaribo, Suriname.

Perlo, V. 2009. A field guide to the birds of Brazil. Oxford University Press, Oxford,
United Kingdom.

Podos, J.,
and P. Warren. 2007. The evolution of geographic variation in birdsong.
Advances in the Study of Behavior 37: 403–458.

Restall, R., C. Rodner,
and M. Lentino. 2006. Birds of northern South America. Yale
University Press, New Haven, Connecticut.

Ridgely, R. S., and J. A. Gwynne. 1989. A guide to the birds of Panama with Costa Rica, Nicaragua, and Honduras. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey.

Ridgely, R. S., and G. Tudor. 1989. The birds of South America. Volume I. The oscine passerines. University of Texas Press, Austin, Texas.

Ridgely, R. S., and G. Tudor. 2009. Field guide to the songbirds of South America. The passerines. University of Texas Press, Austin, Texas.

Ridgway, R. 1902. The Birds of North and Middle America. Part II. United States National Museum Bulletin 50, part 2.

Sedano, R. E., and K. J. Burns. 2010
. Are the northern Andes a species pump for Neotropical birds? Phylogenetics and biogeography of a clade of Neotropical tanagers
(Aves: Thraupini). Jounral of Biogeography. 37: 325-343.

Skutch, A. 1954. Life histories of Central American birds. Pacific Coast Avifauna number 31.

Slud, P. 1964. The birds of Costa Rica. Distribution and ecology. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 128.

Snow, B. K., and D. W. Snow. 1971. The feeding ecology of tanagers and honeycreepers in Trinidad. Auk 88: 291-322.

Stiles, F. G.,
and A. F. Skutch. 1989. A guide to the birds of Costa Rica. Cornell University Press, Ithaca, New York.

Storer, R. W. 1970. Subfamily Thraupinae, Tanagers. Pages 246-408 in R. A. Paynter, Jr., and R. W. Storer (editors), Check-list of birds of the world. Volume XIII. Museum of Comparative Zoology, Cambridge, Massachusetts.

Stotz, D. F., J. W. Fitzpatrick, J., T. A. Parker III, and D. K. Moskovits. 1996. Neotropical birds: ecology and conservation. University of Chicago Press, Chicago, Illinois.

Todd, W.E. 1909. Descriptions of seventeen new Neotropical birds. Annals of the
Carnegie Museum. 8: 202-203.

Wetmore, A., R. F. Pasquier, and S. L. Olson. 1984. The birds of the Republic of Panamá. Part 4. Smithsonian Miscellaneous Collections volume 150, part 4. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, D.C.

Recommended Citation

Mason, N. A. and K. J. Burns (2010). Speckled Tanager (Ixothraupis guttata), version 1.0. In Neotropical Birds Online (T. S. Schulenberg, Editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA.