The Speckle-chested Piculet has a very small known distribution. Very little is known about its natural history, including the basics of its diet and breeding biology. The most urgent research priorities, however, are to better document the geographic limits of its distribution, and to monitor population trends in the face of ongoing habitat loss. Similarly, more detailed information is needed on the habitat requirements for this species. Other important research topics for Speckle-chested Piculet include population biology parameters, such as age at first breeding, life span and survivorship, dispersal, population regulation, territoriality, and population density.