Southern Pochard is an enigmatic species of waterfowl that is patchily distributed and difficult to observe throughout its South American range. This polytypic species is also found in Africa, where it is much more common. Populations have declined greatly in South America and is now most often found in eastern Brazil. When feeding, Southern Pochards both dive and dabble. They prefer large freshwater and brackish lakes where they hide among stands of emergent wetland vegetation.