Southern Emerald-Toucanet Aulacorhynchus albivitta

  • Order: Piciformes
  • Family: Ramphastidae
  • Polytypic: 7 subspecies
  • Authors: Thomas S. Schulenberg, A. M. Contreras-González, Claudia I. Rodríguez-Flores, Carlos A. Soberanes-González, Marîa del Coro Arizmendi, and Kolten Powell


  • Year-round
  • Migration
  • Breeding
  • Non-Breeding
Distribution of the Southern Emerald-Toucanet
eBird range map for Southern Emerald-Toucanet

Generated from eBird observations (Year-Round, 1900-present)

Distribution in the Americas

Southern Emerald-Toucanet is resident from northern Colombia (Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta, Serranía de Perijá, and all three Andean ranges) and the Venezuela Andes south to Santa Cruz, Bolivia. It occurs on the Pacific slope only in Colombia; it is restricted to the east slope of the Andes from Ecuador south. Throughout most of this region it is primarily occurs in montane regions, with elevational ranges in Colombia of 1600-3000 m (Hilty and Brown 1986); in Venezuela of 1700-3100 m (Hilty 2003); and in Ecuador of 1500-2600 m (Ridgely and Greenfield 2001b). In northern Peru (south to San Martín), blue-throated cyanolaeumus ranges from 1200-2500 m, but the black-throated subspecies (atrogularis, dimidiatus) of southern Peru, western Brazil, and in northern Bolivia occur at lower elevations, from 200-1650 m (Walker et al. 2006, Schulenberg et al. 2010, Herzog et al. 2016).

Distribution outside the Americas

Endemic to the Americas.


Throughout most of its range, Southern Emerald-Toucanet inhabits humid montane forest, as well as forest edge, second growth adjacent to forest, plantations, and clearings with scattered trees (Hilty and Brown 1986, Ridgely and Greenfield 2001b, Hilty 2003). Locally, as in southwestern Amazonia, also occurs in lowland evergreen forest (O'Neill and Gardner 1974, Parker et al. 1996, Schulenberg et al. 2010).

Historical changes

None reported.

Fossil history

None reported.

Recommended Citation

Schulenberg, T. S., A. M. Contreras-González, C. I. Rodríguez-Flores, C. A. Soberanes-González, M. d. C. Arizmendi, and K. Powell (2017). Southern Emerald-Toucanet (Aulacorhynchus albivitta), version 1.0. In Neotropical Birds Online (T. S. Schulenberg, Editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA.