Solitary Eagle Buteogallus solitarius

  • Order: Accipitriformes
  • Family: Accipitridae
  • Polytypic: 2 subspecies
  • Authors needed...


Conservation Status

The IUCN Red List status for Solitary Eagle is Near Threatened, due to its moderately small population size (1000-2499 mature individuals), and likely declines due to habitat loss (BirdLife International 2015). It has a resident distribution of about 699,000 km2 (BirdLife International 2015). It is considered Endangered under Mexican law (NOM-059 SEMARNAT 2010). This species is also a tropical resident of high tri-national concern (Mexico-U.S.-Canada) to Partners in Flight (Berlanga et al. 2010). Based on determinations of habitat loss, Berlanga et al. (2010) estimated that at least 50% of its population has been lost in Mexico during the last century.

Effects of human activity on populations

Solitary Eagle faces heightened risk because of its specialization on threatened Mexican pine-oak forest habitats. The primary threat to this species is loss of this habitat type due to unsustainable logging, wood harvesting, clearing for agriculture, and livestock grazing. In addition to threats of habitat loss, this species is threatened by human disturbance and shooting.

Recommended Citation

Solitary Eagle (Buteogallus solitarius), In Neotropical Birds Online (T. S. Schulenberg, Editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. retrieved from Neotropical Birds Online: