The Social Flycatcher is very common in Panama and common in Ecuador, Colombia and Venezuela (Angehr and Dead 2010). In Ecuador, they are found below 1,400m (Restall et al. 2006). In Colombia, below 900m but up to 1,200m on the eastern slope of the Andes (Restall et al. 2006). In Venezuela, Social Flycatchers are found at heights of 1,500m north of Orinoco but only to 500m south of Orinoco (Restall et al. 2006). The Social Flycatcher ranges from Northwest Mexico to Northwest Peru, Northeast Argentina and Southern Brazil (Stiles and Skutch 1989).
In addition, the Social Flycatcher is considered a native species of Belize, Bolivia, Costa Rica, El Salvador, French Guiana, Guatemala, Honduras and Nicaragua (BirdLife International). The Social Flycatcher is a vagrant species of the United States (BirdLife International).
The movements of Social Flycatchers are largely unknown but are believed to be resident in most areas and partially migratory in others (del Hoyo et al. 2004). In Venezuela, the Social Flycatcher is absent during the rainy season and is suspected to migrate elsewhere (del Hoyo et al. 2004). Whether this species mirgrates a short or long distance is unknown (del Hoyo et al. 2004).