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Smooth-billed Ani Crotophaga ani

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The Smooth-billed Ani is a widespread resident of scrub and forest clearings from  the Caribbean and Costa Rica south to Uruguay and northern Argentina; it also occurs in south Florida, although the population there has declined significantly there in recent years.  The Smooth-billed Ani is glossy black with black exposed skin around the eye and a distinctive high-arched, keel shaped bill.  Smooth-billed Anis live in small flocks and eat a variety of insects, small vertebrates and fruit.  These birds forage by walking on the ground or along branches, using their high-ridged bill to separate foliage in search of prey.  Smooth-billed Anis also follow live stock or hover around small grass fires, catching the animals flushed by the disturbance.

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© Arthur A. Allen

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  • Year-round
  • Migration
  • Breeding
  • Non-Breeding

Recommended Citation

Smooth-billed Ani (Crotophaga ani), In Neotropical Birds Online (T. S. Schulenberg, Editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. retrieved from Neotropical Birds Online: https://neotropical.birds.cornell.edu/Species-Account/nb/species/smbani