Distribution in the Americas
Slaty-tailed Trogon is resident from southern Mexico south to northwestern Ecuador. It occurs along the Atlantic slope from Veracruz, Mexico, south to northwestern Colombia (Friedmann et al. 1950, Stiles and Skutch 1989, Howell and Webb 1995); on the Pacific coast of Costa Rica and Panama (Ridgely and Gwynne 1989, Stiles and Skutch 1989); and on the Pacific coast of Colombia and northwestern Ecuador, south to northern Esmeraldas (Hilty and Brown 1986, Ridgely and Greenfield 2001a).
Slaty-tailed Trogon occupies tropical lowland evergreen forest and tall secondary forest (Hilty and Brown 1986, Ridgely and Gwynne 1989, Stiles and Skutch 1989), and occasionally occurs in riparian forests, coffee plantations, and mangroves (Wetmore 1968). It occurs in the lowlands, up to 600 m in Mexico and northern Central America (Howell and Webb 1995); primarily in the lowlands in Costa Rica, but locally up to 1200 m (Stiles and Skutch 1989); up to 1400 m in Panama (Wetmore 1968); and up to 1100 m in Colombia (Hilty and Brown 1986).