AudioDateDownLeftRightUpIconClosefacebookReportGallerySettingsGiftLanguageGridListMapMenunoAudionoPhotoPhotoPlayPlusSearchStartwitterUserVideo

Sinaloa Martin Progne sinaloae

  • Order: Passeriformes
  • Family: Hirundinidae
  • Monotypic
  • Authors: Fang, Emerson D. and Thomas S. Schulenberg
Sections

Distribution

Enlarge
Distribution of the Sinaloa Martin
Enlarge
eBird range map for Sinaloa Martina

Generated from eBird observations (Year-Round, 1900-present)

Distribution in the Americas

Breeds locally on the western slope of the Sierra Madre Occidental in western Mexico, from northeastern Sonora south to Jalisco and Michoacán (Howell and Webb 1995, Russell and Monson 1998), where present February to August or early September (Howell and Webb 1995, Lethaby and King 2010). A detailed review of all historical records is provided by Lethaby and King (2o10).

The elevational range of the Sinaloa Martin is 1100-2800 m (American Ornithologists' Union 1998). Probably breeds above the lower (coastal) areas occupied by Gray-breasted Martin (Progne chalybea), but below the elevations where Purple Martin (Progne subis) breeds (Phillips 1986).

The nonbreeding distribution of Sinaloa Martin is completely unknown, although it often is suspected of wintering in South America, espeically in northern South America (e.g. Ridgely and Tudor 1989, Howell and Webb 1995, American Ornithologists' Union 1998, Restall et al. 2006). There is a confirmed (specimen) record of a migrant from March in Guatemala (Holt 1926). There also is a sight record of several martins, believed to be this species, heading east out over the coast of Belize, with larger numbers of Purple Martin in late August; this unconfirmed record suggests "a migration route to-from the north coast of South America" (Howell and Webb 1995).

A reported specimen of a vagrant from Bermuda (Phillips 1986) is a Caribbean Martin (Progne dominicensis) (Howell and Webb 1995)

Distribution outside the Americas

Endemic to the Americas.

Habitat

Pine (Pinus) forest and mixed forest of pine and oak (Quercus) (Howell and Webb 1995).  In Sonora, observed foraging "over the pine-oak woodlands, pastures, orchards, and the barranca edge" (Russell and Monson 1998).

Historical changes

None reported. Although there is concern that the total population has declined, perhaps to dangerous levels (see Conservation Status), there are recent records from throughout the known historical range of the Sinaloa Martin (Lethaby and King 2010).

Fossil history

No information.

Recommended Citation

Fang, Emerson D. and Thomas S. Schulenberg. 2010. Sinaloa Martin (Progne sinaloae), version 1.0. In Neotropical Birds Online (T. S. Schulenberg, editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, New York, USA. https://doi.org/10.2173/nb.sinmar1.01