The conservation status of the Short-billed Honeycreeper has been listed by the IUCN Red List as Least Concern, primarily due to its extremely large estimated range, more than 20,000 km2 (BirdLife International 2016). They are sensitive to human encroachment with a declining population trend (Parker et al. 1996, Lees and Peres 2006), but this decline is suspected to be less than 25% over three generations, thus not meeting more concerning conservation status parameters (BirdLife International 2016). This species is considered not globally threatened (Hilty 2011). However, Parker et al. (1996) describes this species as uncommon and patchily distributed, with an "urgent" conservation priority relative to other Neotropical birds.
Effects of human activity on populations
The Short-billed Honeycreeper has a high sensitivity to human disturbance (Parker et al. 1996). Bird surveys in disturbed and undisturbed forest patches of various sizes in the southern Amazonian arc of deforestation have found that this species is dependent on primary forests (Lees and Peres 2006). Inference based on a model of Amazonian deforestation (Soares-Filho et al. 2006, Bird et al. 2011) predict an 8.8-9.7% loss of suitable habitat over the next 3 generations/10 years (BirdLife International 2016). Because of their beautiful plumage, Cyanerpes have a long history of being pursued by indigenous then by hunters of ornamental birds for us in the fashion trade, and are popular in the illegal pet trade (Sick 1993).
The Short-billed Honeycreeper is known from the following protected areas: Peru: Allpahuayo-Mishana National Reserve (Salazar et al. 2003, Alonso et al. 2012); Brazil: Jua National Park (Borges and de Almeida 2013), Viruá National Park (Laranjeiras et al. 2014), Amaná National Forest (Guilherme 2014), Adolfo Ducke Forest Reserve (Willis 1977); Suriname: Brownsberg Nature Park (Ottema 2002).