The Stripe-faced Wood-Quail should be easily identified by its rufous crown, with a black mask and buff facial stripe, especially given its comparatively small range, over the east slope of the Andes in southern Peru and adjacent Bolivia. No other wood-quail occurs in this region. This species is principally found at 1800 to 3300 m, but ranges locally down to 800 m, and is found in montane forests or even young second growth. Agricultural development, deforestation and hunting are all presumed to be having a negative affect on the species’ population. The Stripe-faced Wood-Quail is a very poorly known species, with almost nothing having been published on its natural history, and its voice has only been described recently.