Seven-colored Tanager is restricted to the remaining Atlantic forest in northeastern Brazil. Its range is considered to be no larger than 5,000 km2 (Silveira et al. 2003a). The conservation status of the Seven-colored Tanager has been listed by IUCN Red List as Vulnerable (BirdLife International 2015). It received this categorization due to its small estimated range and population size. Although its population size has not been quantified, it has been described as fairly rare and with evidence of population declines, local extinctions, and major threats (Birdlife International 2015). Parker et al. (1996) consider the Seven-colored Tanager to have a "high" conservation priority relative to other Neotropical birds.
Effects of human activity on populations
The largest threat that the Seven-colored Tanager faces is habitat loss. A majority of the Atlantic Forest has been loss due to logging and agriculture and as little as 2% currently remains ( Brooks et al. 1999, Silveira et al. 2003a, Silveira et al. 2003b). In addition this attractive tanager also faces threats of poaching due to popularity as a cage bird and its ease of capture (Silveira et al. 2003a). Sick (1993) notes that bird trafficking of this species is a particular problem because it has experienced sharp declines in recent years. Parker et al. (1996) considered the Seven-colored Tanager to have a "medium" degree of sensitivity to human disturbance relative to other Neotropical birds.