Serra do Mar Tyrannulet Phylloscartes difficilis

  • © Ciro Albano

Perhaps one of the most distinctively plumaged of a generally rather uniform genus, the Serra do Mar Tyrannulet is a southeast Brazilian endemic, where it occurs from Espírito Santo and Minas Gerais south to the southernmost state, Rio Grande do Sul, and is found from 950 to 2150 m. The species is currently classified as Near Threatened, but at least in some parts of its range the Serra do Mar Tyrannulet remains relatively common, for example at upper elevations of the well-visited Itatiaia National Park. Bright olive above, on the crown and the entire upperparts, the Serra do Mar Tyrannulet has a striking face pattern, especially the bright white supraloral, and is principally gray below, albeit slightly paler over the throat. Like most species of Phylloscartes the species is most easily detected by virtue of its distinctive and frequently given vocalizations, but, in contrast to many congeners, the Serra do Mar Tyrannulet only relatively rarely joins mixed-species flocks.

Help complete this species

There are many ways to contribute—we need species information, photographs, audio, video, translations, maps, distribution data, and bird sightings. There's a role for everyone!

Learn more


© Ted Parker

  • Year-round
  • Migration
  • Breeding
  • Non-Breeding

Recommended Citation

Serra do Mar Tyrannulet (Phylloscartes difficilis), In Neotropical Birds Online (T. S. Schulenberg, Editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. retrieved from Neotropical Birds Online: