Screaming Cowbird Molothrus rufoaxillaris

  • Order: Passeriformes
  • Family: Icteridae
  • Monotypic
  • Authors: Peter E. Lowther
Sections

References

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BirdLife International. 2009. Species factsheet: Screaming Cowbird Molothrus rufoaxillaris. Downloaded from BirdLife International on 18 January 2011.

Blake, E. R. 1968. Family Icteridae. Pages 138-202 in R. A. Paynter, Jr. (editor), Check-list of birds of the world. Volume 14. Museum of Compative Zoology, Cambridge, Massachusetts.

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De Mársico, M. C., B. Mahler and J. C. Reboreda. 2010. Reproductive success and nestling growth of the Baywing parasitized by Screaming and Shiny cowbirds. Wilson Journal of Ornithology 122: 417-431.

De Mársico, M., and J. C. Reboreda. 2008. Egg-laying behavior in Screaming Cowbirds: why does a specialist brood parasite waste so many eggs? Condor 110: 143-153.

Di Giacomo, A.G., and J.C. Reboreda. 2015. Reproductive success of the specialist brood parasite Screaming Cowbird in an alternative host, the Chopi Blackbird. Auk 132: 16-24.

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Fraga, R. M. 1972. Cooperative breeding and a case of successive polyandry in the Bay-winged Cowbird. Auk 89: 447-449.

Fraga, R. M. 1979. Differences between nestlings and fledglings of Screaming and Bay-winged Cowbirds. Wilson Bulletin 91: 151-154.

Fraga, R. M. 1983. The eggs of the parasitic Screaming Cowbird (Molothrus rufoaxillaris) and its host, the Bay-winged Cowbird (M. badius): Is there evidence for mimicry? Journal fur Ornithologie 124: 187-194.

Fraga, R. M. 1984. Bay-winged Cowbirds (Molothrus badius) remove ectoparasites from their brood parasites, the Screaming Cowbirds (M. rufoaxillaris). Biotropica 16: 223-226.

Fraga, R. M. 1986. The Bay-winged Cowbird (Molothrus badius) and its brood parasites: Interactions, coevolution, comparative efficiency. Ph.D. diss., University of California-Santa Barbara, Santa Barbara, California.

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Fraga, R. M. 1991. The social system of a communal breeder, the Bay-winged Cowbird Molothrus badius. Ethology 89: 195-210.

Fraga, R. M. 1992. Biparental care in Bay-winged Cowbirds Molothrus badius. Ardea 80: 389-393.

Fraga, R. M. 1996. Further evidence of parasitism of Chopi Blackbird (Gnorimopsar chopi) by the specialized Screaming Cowbird (Molothrus rufoaxillaris). Condor 98: 866-867.

Fraga, R. M. 1998. The interactions of the parasitic Screaming and Shiny Cowbirds (Molothrus rufoaxillaris and M. bonariensis) with a shared host, the Bay-winged Cowbird (Molothrus badius). Pages 173-193 in S. I. Rothstein and S. K. Robinson (editors), Parasitic birds and their hosts. Oxford University Press, Oxford.

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Lowther, P. E. 1993. Brown-headed Cowbird (Molothrus ater). In The Birds of North America, No. 47 (Alan Poole and Frank Gill, editors). The Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and the American Ornithologists' Union, Washington, D.C.

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Mahler, B. Y., Sarquis Adamson, A. G. DiGiacoma, V. A. Confalonieri, and J. C. Reboreda. 2009. Utilization of a new host in the Screaming Cowbird (Molothrus rufoaxillaris), a host specialist brood parasite: host switch or host acquisition? Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 63: 1603-1608.

De Mársico, M.C., M.G. Gantchoff, and J.C. Reboreda. 2012. Host–parasite coevolution beyond the nestling stage? Mimicry of host fledglings by the specialist screaming cowbird. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B

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Mason, P. 1985. The nesting biology of some passerines of Buenos Aires, Argentina. Pages 954-972 in P. A. Buckley, M. S. Foster, E. S. Morton, R. S. Ridgely, and F. G. Buckley (editors), Neotropical Ornithology. Ornithological Monographs number 36. American Ornithologists' Union, Washington, D.C.

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Scardamaglia, R.C., and J.C. Reboreda. 2014. Ranging behavior of female and male Shiny Cowbirds and Screaming Cowbirds while searching for host nests. Auk 131: 610-618.

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Recommended Citation

Lowther, P. E. (2011). Screaming Cowbird (Molothrus rufoaxillaris), version 1.0. In Neotropical Birds Online (T. S. Schulenberg, Editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. https://doi.org/10.2173/nb.scrcow1.01