The Scaly-naped Pigeon is common and widespread throughout the Caribbean except for Jamaica and the Bahamas, where it does not occur. This species is large and distinctive within its range, showing purple-red plumage, with pale buff scaly edges to the nape feathers. The Scaly-naped Pigeon is common throughout a variety of forested habitats at most elevations. It is generally most common in intact primary lowland and montane forest, but can be seen along a variety of forest edge and secondary forest types. Movements of this species are poorly understood, but extralimital records from the Florida keys suggest at least some movement.