The Scarlet-crowned Barbet is a common member of the genus Capito that is found in riverine habitats from Amazonian Colombia south to northeastern Peru and adjacent Brazil. The male is striking. The overall body is rather dull uniform olive green, but has a bright orange throat and scarlet red crown. Females are duller in plumage lacking the bright red crown. Overlaps in distribution with the congener Gilded Barbet (Capito auratus), but differs by lacking the contrasting black, yellow, and orange plumage of that species. Scarlet-crowned is also restricted to more river-related habitats, from river-edge forest to more mature habitats on older Amazonian river islands, and sometimes in varzea forest. It is often found foraging in Cecropia trees. It usually occurs in isolated pairs and rarely joins mixed-species flocks. Other barbet species in this region of Amazonia, such as Gilded, and Lemon-throated (Eubucco richardsoni) favor mature forests and are typically found in large mixed-species flocks. The most-common vocalization is a series of loud, tremulous “rrrru-rrrru-rrrru-rrrru-rrrru,” not that different from Lemon-throated Barbet in quality, but delivered slower. Calls very different from the “hoo-hoo, hoo-hoo, hoo-hoo” calls of Gilded Barbet.